Roman Pantheon Facts
There are several reason why the Roman Pantheon is one of the
most popular sights in Italy. Below you will learn what those
reasons are and many other facts about the Roman Pantheon. The list below contains interesting
information about this famous ancient roman architecture. For
example, it was built in a place where Roman legend says the
founder of Rome died and was carried to heaven by an eagle. For
anyone who is planning a trip to Rome, with or without kids,
this is a must see sight. A great time to visit is
on Sundays when you can even go to Mass there.
Roman Pantheon General Facts
- The Pantheon was built by Marcus Agrippa, a Roman general, deputy emperor and statesman who also built the Basilica of Neptune and the Laconian sudatorium.
- The original Pantheon was built between 27 B.C. and 25 B.C. but
was largely destroyed by fire two times just thirty years apart.
- Roman Emperor Domitian had the Pantheon rebuilt in 80 A.D. after the first fire. Emperor Hadrian had the building rebuilt after the second fire, making it look
much as it does today.
- The Piazza della Rotonda is the rectangular shaped area in front
of the Pantheon and the Fontana del Pantheon is the name of the
fountain in the middle of the piazza.
- The name Pantheon is two Greek words (pan and teon) put
together and means everything divine.
- Many famous Italian people have been buried at the Pantheon
including Italian kings, queens and painters.
- No one knows exactly what type of worship the Pantheon was
originally built for, but it has been used as a Roman Catholic
church since 608 AD.
- Not only is the Pantheon the best preserved structure in all of
Rome with the biggest concrete dome, but it has also the
most duplicated structure from ancient history.
- It is said that even Michelangelo could not believe the
complexity and beauty of the Pantheon's design and called the
building angelic. He felt it was too wondrous to have been
created by man.
Roman Pantheon Structural Facts
- The circular shape of the Pantheon is made up of a total of 16
large granite columns beneath an impressive pediment. Only the
entry way is rectangular.
- The heaviest materials were used at the bottom of the Pantheon's dome and the lightest were used at the top in an attempt to
balance the weight of the dome. A combination of travertine,
tufa, brick and pumice were used.
- It is believed that the intricate marble floor inside the
Pantheon is part of the original ancient Pantheon.
Roman Pantheon Dome Facts
- There is an open center at the middle point of the Pantheon's
dome called an oculus which allows light to enter.
- In the making of the Pantheon's dome, it is believed that an
expensive wooden scaffolding system was set up to reach the
- With a 142 foot (43.3 meter) diameter, the Pantheon has the
distinction of having the world's largest unreinforced dome made out of concrete.